responsible

Re-Thinking Tourism

for a Planet in Crisis

non-intrusively related to the community and environment

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definitions:

responsible

adjective
 1.[predicative] having an obligation to do something, or having control over or care for someone, as part of one’s job or role - (responsible to) having to report to (a superior) and be answerable to them for one’s actions

 

2. being the primary cause of something and so able to be blamed or credited for it. - morally accountable for one’s behaviour

 

3. (of a job or position) involving important duties, independent decision-making, or control over others

verb

be responsible for

synonyms

in charge of, in control of, at the helm of, accountable for, liable for, charged with

accountable, answerable, to blame

 

manage, oversee, superintend, supervise, conduct, run, look after, organize, produce, see to

behind, at the bottom of, guilty of, culpable of

blameworthy, at fault, in the wrong

 

important, powerful, authoritative, executive, decision-making

 

trustworthy, capable of being trusted, trusty, level- headed, rational, sane, reasonable, sensible, sound, stable, mature, adult, reliable, dependable, conscientious

irresponsible

 

adjective

1. (of a person, attitude, or action) not showing a proper sense of responsibility

synonyms

reckless, rash, careless, thoughtless, incautious, unwise, imprudent, ill-advised, ill-considered, injudicious, misguided

 

inattentive, hasty, overhasty, precipitate, precipitous, wild, impulsive, daredevil, devil-may-care, hot-headed, negligent

 

immature, naive, foolish, hare-brained, feather- brained

 

carefree, blasé; unreliable, undependable, untrustworthy, flighty, giddy, scatterbrained, erratic

discourse:

to what extent does the responsible act considering the scale of time?

Declaration of Interdependence
Will Durant
1945

The American philosopher and historian Will Durant was approached by two leaders of the Jewish and Christian faiths to start "a movement, to raise moral standards." Instead he suggested that they start a movement against racial intolerance and outlined his ideas for a Declaration of Interdependence. The movement for the declaration was launched at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in March 1945 attended by over 400 people.

…as an acknowledgment of inter-species interdependence 

 
The long now Foundation
1996

The Long Now Foundation is an US foundation founded in 1996. The foundation is holding two future series of events. The recordings of the Long Now seminars and the talks in the interval are both made available as podcasts.
 

…as an understanding of speed of development in relation to time

 
SDG`s
Sustainable Development Goals

Designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all", the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG`s) are collected political goals that serve the common nations, the world of security, security of development on an economic, equal and ecological level.

…as an establishment of shared human goals

 
SDG`s cross-disciplinary collaboration
Sustainable Development Goals

This theory states that in order to achieve sustainable development, the 3 sectors economic, socio-political, and environmental need to come together. The promotion of multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary research across different sectors is required.

…as a network and method of cross-disciplinary collaboration in pursuit of shared human goals

 
Clock of the long now
London
Under construction

The clock is one of the main projects of the Long Now Foundation and is built to show the time for the next 10 000 years. That's why it is called the 10,000-year-clock, too. Inspired by the general mood in the run-up to the millennium change, the founders of the foundation had come to the conclusion that it would be good for humanity's long-term survival if their field of vision really extended far into the future.

…as an awareness and perspective towards long-term thinking

 

what mediates between individual and collective responsibility?

Force Majeure • Ruben Östlund • Sweden, France, Norway • 2014

 This project consists of a film, following the vicissitudes of a family, in which, during an avalanche, the father only cares about his own safety. 

…by highlighting humans’ reluctant and ignorant attitude towards change

 
Being Ecological
Timothy Morton
Pelican
2018

This book investigates the term ‘ecology’ against the generic, narrow understanding within contemporary dialogue. Presenting a social critique on world perceptions, Morton calls for a reevaluation of our relationship towards objects in order to cope with the challenges of climate crisis.

 
“We talk about ‘human nature’ this way. ‘It’s in my nature, I can’t help it.’ ‘Doing what comes naturally.’ And we talk about nonhuman ‘nature’ this way: that’s the whole point of the ‘weather conversation’ you have with a stranger at a bus stop. You are able to find common ground in something that appears neutral, something that just functions and therefore creates a background for your interaction. But global warming takes that supposed neutrality away…”
- Timothy Morton
p. 26
Circular Economy

A circular economy is a regenerative system in which resource use and waste production, emissions and energy waste are minimized by slowing down, reducing and closing energy and material cycles. It is achieved through durable construction, maintenance, repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing and recycling, but recycling is usually the last resort

.

…as an economic system operating through re-use and elimination of waste

 
Waste Hierarchy

 

This diagram evaluates processes of waste management and establishes a hierarchy of their environmental impacts.​

 

how can new models learn from the irresponsible practices of the old?

How to Thrive in the Next Economy
John Thackara
Thames & Hudson
2015

​This book approaches practical solutions to the many global challenges of late capitalism such as climate change, poverty, insufficient healthcare, through creativity. Against the notions of big technological solutions or the currents of mainstream media, Thackara uncovers the global communities creating a "replacement economy", one that nurtures the earth and its inhabitants rather than jeopardizing its future, from the ground up.

 
“Sustainability is not something to be engineered, or demanded from politicians; it's a condition that emerges through incremental as well as abrupt change at many different scales.”
- John Thackara,
p. 9
Enough: The Architecture of Degrowth • Maria Smith, Matthew Dalziel, Phineas Harper, Cecilie Sachs Olsen, George Kafka • Oslo Architecture Triennale, Norway • 2019

 

This project, the 2019 Oslo Architecture Triennale looked at how architecture should respond to a time of climate emergency and social division, promoting institutions that involve sharing resources, imagining alternatives, freedom to play and democratic education.

…by collecting and demonstrating theoretical as well as existing examples of degrowth practice

 
 
Grindbakken • ROTOR • Ghent, Belgium • 2012

This project gives a new purpose and highlights the historical use of the disused dockside gravel pits in the Harbour in Ghent. The spaces have been cleaned and painted white on most surfaces for exhibitions, leaving some original accents to reveal the past industrial use.

 

…by dedicating its work towards the establishment of circular practices with existing materials

BC-AS • BC architects, BC studies • Brüssel, Belgium • since 2012

This project focuses on sourcing and researching local materials as well as sharing this knowledge with interested people from all backgrounds, ages and levels through workshops.

…by dedicating its work towards the understanding and use of locally sourced materials

 
Fitz, Angelika, Krasny, Elke, Critical C
Critical Care: Architecture and Urbanism for a Broken Planet
Angelika Fitz and Elke Krasny
MIT Press
2019

This book is a collection of essays and case studies focusing on the concept of care in architecture. From the basis in research on projects, Fitz and Krasny examine the means of cause and effect in context of the broken and built environment, providing solutions that contrast those of investment-dominant design.

"Here is a modest claim that I offer to present and future architects: for our broken planet, we now need an architecture of care. [...] We now need an architecture that fulfills the basic tasks of sharing responsibilities for caring for our world, an architecture that is sensitive to the values of repair, of preservation, of maintaining all forms of life and the planet itself."
- Jane C. Tronto
p. 28
 
Great Mosque of Djenne • Djenne, Mali, • ca. 1300

This project is a Mosque, the structure of which is being updated and constantly rebuilt since centuries by the whole local community during an annual festival.

 
Design for the Real World
Victor Papanek
Academy Chicago
1971

This book examines the attempts by designers to combat the tawdry, the unsafe, the frivolous, the useless product, once again providing a blueprint for sensible, responsible design in this world which is deficient in resources and energy.

 

 
“A more durable kind of design thinking entails seeing the product (or tool, or transportation device, or building, or city) as a meaningful link between man [read humans] and environment. We must see man, his tools, environment, and ways of thinking and planning, as a nonlinear, simultaneous, integrated, comprehensive whole. This approach is integrated design.”
- Victor Papanek,
p. 293

how can responsibility be encouraged at a social level?

Broken Nature  • Paola Antonelli • Triennale Milano, Italy • 2019

This project offers strong insights into the key issues of our time, promoting the importance of creative practices when exploring human relationships to the world.

 

 
 
The Mushroom at the End of the World: On the Possibility of Life in Capitalist Ruins
Anna Tsing
Princeton University Press
2015

This book follows one of the strangest commodity chains of our times to explore the unexpected corners of capitalism. The varied and peculiar worlds of the matsutake mushroom narrate a tale of diversity within our damaged landscapes; through the investigation into this most sought-after fungi, the relation between capitalist destruction and collaborative survival within multispecies landscapes unfolds.

“We are stuck with the problem of living despite economic and ecological ruination. Neither tales of progress nor of ruin tell us how to think about collaborative survival. It is time to pay attention to mushroom picking. Not that this will save us—but it might open our imaginations.”
- Anna Tsing,
 p. 19
Cooking Sections, On Tidal Zones • Climavore • Isle of Skye, Scotland • 2015

This project reacts to the changing shores and functions as a dining table at low tide, while working as an underwater oyster table at high tide.

…by offering a locally oriented platform towards the understanding of man-made climatic conditions through the consumption and production of food

 
The Uninhabitable Earth
David Wallace-Wells
Crown Publishing
2019

This book educates on the topic of global warming and stresses the importance of acknowledging and reversing climate change to prevent the devastating consequences it might have on our future generations.

“The story of the industrial world’s kamikaze mission is the story of a single lifetime - the planet brought from seeming stability to the brink of catastrophe in the years between a baptism or bar mitzvah and a funeral.”
- David Wallace-Wells,
p. 4
 
 
Klein, Naomi, On Fire: The Burning Case
On Fire: The Burning Case for a Green New Deal
Naomi Klein
Simon & Schuster
2019

This book gathers a decade of Klein's impassioned writing paired with new material on the staggeringly high stakes of our immediate political and economical choices. In lucid, elegant dispatches from the frontlines of contemporary natural disaster, Klein puts forth prescient advisories and dire warnings of what future awaits us if we refuse to act, as well as hopeful glimpses of a far better future.

 

“The idea that societies could collectively decide to embrace rapid foundational changes to transportation, housing, energy, agriculture, forestry, and more— precisely what is needed to avert climate breakdown—is not something for which most of us have any living reference.”
Naomi Klein

where do subjective values come into conflict with objective responsibilities?

Wake Up, Notes on a Conditional Form • The 1975 & Greta Thunberg • Stockholm, Sweden • 2019

This project consists of a musical collaboration with climate activist, Greta Thunberg, aiming to spread the message and calling people to act in this time of crisis.

…by using its global cultural platform for raising awareness of the issues we facing in relation to mass extinction

 
Morton, Timothy, Being Ecological (Pelic
Being Ecological
Timothy Morton
Pelican
2018

This book investigates the term ‘ecology’ against the generic, narrow understanding within contemporary dialogue. Presenting a social critique on world perceptions, Morton calls for a reevaluation of our relationship towards objects in order to cope with the challenges of climate crisis.

“We talk about ‘human nature’ this way. ‘It’s in my nature, I can’t help it.’ ‘Doing what comes naturally.’ And we talk about nonhuman ‘nature’ this way: that’s the whole point of the ‘weather conversation’ you have with a stranger at a bus stop. You are able to find common ground in something that appears neutral, something that just functions and therefore creates a background for your interaction. But global warming takes that supposed neutrality away…”

- Timothy Morton,
p. 26
 
 

case studies of nanotourism:

EXPERIENCES NEW 23.jpg

further aspects of responsible characteristics in the above case study: 

Developing an interest 

It starts with the acknowledgment of won impact of travel and a desire to find an alternative way to explore the world

Finding a blog 

Finding a blog and joining the new nano-world together with provider, learning unexpected, discovering something new.

Using your body as an experience 

Without necessity of real-life travel, visitor gets new experiences and get’s familiar with the smallest life forms and learn to be aware of it better.

 
EXPERIENCES NEW 32.jpg

further aspects of responsible characteristics in the above case study: 

Fast information 

Stopping to read an informative poster about how the city of Venice is affected by tourism and climate change. Thinking about it later during your trip.

Taking interest in the project 

 

Taking interest in the project so much, that you take part to one of the events. Learning about the natural environment of the venetian lagoon, the traditions or the innovative solutions being researched.

Becoming part of the project 

As a student or professor for example. Taking actively part to the ongoing research and looking for solutions.

 
EXPERIENCES NEW 31.jpg

further aspects of responsible characteristics in the above case study: 

Sustainable approach for travel 

 

The tour providing company has a set of rules which provide safe and responsible travel for both the individual tourists and the destination. 

Local-Interaction

Meeting with locals, learning about the history of the place and the reasons why they moved back to this area.

Awareness and responsible behaviour 

Being in an area like that makes you take precaution and be aware of your surroundings. Responsible behaviour for this tour is pre-mandatory: you won´t eat unknown fruits, you won´t go somewhere unknown and restricted, you need to be careful with nature and stay with your group.

 

extracted patterns:

Consciousness of personal impact: (immediate)

All individual decisions are questioned with regards to one’s responsibility towards the planet.

Collective acceptance of responsibility:

(short-term)

Through the framework of a non-intrusive activity, the sense of purpose is expanded from the personal to the communal scale.

Reconciliation between community and environment: (long-term)

Equilibrium between human and non-humans species is established, as continual and communal responsibility towards the planet.