Re-Thinking Tourism

for a Planet in Crisis

non-intrusively related to the community and environment

environment + community





 1.[predicative] having an obligation to do something, or having control over or care for someone, as part of one’s job or role - (responsible to) having to report to (a superior) and be answerable to them for one’s actions


2. being the primary cause of something and so able to be blamed or credited for it. - morally accountable for one’s behaviour


3. (of a job or position) involving important duties, independent decision-making, or control over others


be responsible for


in charge of, in control of, at the helm of, accountable for, liable for, charged with

accountable, answerable, to blame


manage, oversee, superintend, supervise, conduct, run, look after, organize, produce, see to

behind, at the bottom of, guilty of, culpable of

blameworthy, at fault, in the wrong


important, powerful, authoritative, executive, decision-making


trustworthy, capable of being trusted, trusty, level- headed, rational, sane, reasonable, sensible, sound, stable, mature, adult, reliable, dependable, conscientious




1. (of a person, attitude, or action) not showing a proper sense of responsibility


reckless, rash, careless, thoughtless, incautious, unwise, imprudent, ill-advised, ill-considered, injudicious, misguided


inattentive, hasty, overhasty, precipitate, precipitous, wild, impulsive, daredevil, devil-may-care, hot-headed, negligent


immature, naive, foolish, hare-brained, feather- brained


carefree, blasé; unreliable, undependable, untrustworthy, flighty, giddy, scatterbrained, erratic


The Long Now Foundation - Now, Nowadays,
Waste hierarchy
RE 2
WhatsApp Image 2020-05-07 at 11.30.24
Fitz, Angelika, Krasny, Elke, Critical C
Stewart Brand - The Clock of the Long No
Morton, Timothy, Being Ecological (Pelic
par__deep ecology movement
RE 3
Papanek, Victor, Design for the Real Wor
Cooking Sections _ Climavore On Tidal Zo
Tsing, Anna, The Mushroom at the End of
RE 1
Klein, Naomi, On Fire: The Burning Case
AZW _ Critical Care

to what extent does the responsible act considering the scale of time?

Declaration of Interdependence
Will Durant

The American philosopher and historian Will Durant was approached by two leaders of the Jewish and Christian faiths to start "a movement, to raise moral standards." Instead he suggested that they start a movement against racial intolerance and outlined his ideas for a Declaration of Interdependence. The movement for the declaration was launched at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in March 1945 attended by over 400 people.

…as an acknowledgment of inter-species interdependence 

The long now Foundation

The Long Now Foundation is an US foundation founded in 1996. The foundation is holding two future series of events. The recordings of the Long Now seminars and the talks in the interval are both made available as podcasts.

…as an understanding of speed of development in relation to time

Stewart Brand - The Clock of the Long No
Sustainable Development Goals

Designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all", the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG`s) are collected political goals that serve the common nations, the world of security, security of development on an economic, equal and ecological level.

…as an establishment of shared human goals

SDG`s cross-disciplinary collaboration
Sustainable Development Goals

This theory states that in order to achieve sustainable development, the 3 sectors economic, socio-political, and environmental need to come together. The promotion of multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary research across different sectors is required.

…as a network and method of cross-disciplinary collaboration in pursuit of shared human goals

Clock of the long now
Under construction

The clock is one of the main projects of the Long Now Foundation and is built to show the time for the next 10 000 years. That's why it is called the 10,000-year-clock, too. Inspired by the general mood in the run-up to the millennium change, the founders of the foundation had come to the conclusion that it would be good for humanity's long-term survival if their field of vision really extended far into the future.

…as an awareness and perspective towards long-term thinking

The Long Now Foundation - Now, Nowadays,

what mediates between individual and collective responsibility?

Force Majeure • Ruben Östlund • Sweden, France, Norway • 2014

 This project consists of a film, following the vicissitudes of a family, in which, during an avalanche, the father only cares about his own safety. 

…by highlighting humans’ reluctant and ignorant attitude towards change

Being Ecological
Timothy Morton

This book investigates the term ‘ecology’ against the generic, narrow understanding within contemporary dialogue. Presenting a social critique on world perceptions, Morton calls for a reevaluation of our relationship towards objects in order to cope with the challenges of climate crisis.

“We talk about ‘human nature’ this way. ‘It’s in my nature, I can’t help it.’ ‘Doing what comes naturally.’ And we talk about nonhuman ‘nature’ this way: that’s the whole point of the ‘weather conversation’ you have with a stranger at a bus stop. You are able to find common ground in something that appears neutral, something that just functions and therefore creates a background for your interaction. But global warming takes that supposed neutrality away…”
- Timothy Morton
p. 26
Circular Economy

A circular economy is a regenerative system in which resource use and waste production, emissions and energy waste are minimized by slowing down, reducing and closing energy and material cycles. It is achieved through durable construction, maintenance, repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing and recycling, but recycling is usually the last resort


…as an economic system operating through re-use and elimination of waste

Waste Hierarchy


This diagram evaluates processes of waste management and establishes a hierarchy of their environmental impacts.​

Waste hierarchy.jpg

how can new models learn from the irresponsible practices of the old?

How to Thrive in the Next Economy
John Thackara
Thames & Hudson

​This book approaches practical solutions to the many global challenges of late capitalism such as climate change, poverty, insufficient healthcare, through creativity. Against the notions of big technological solutions or the currents of mainstream media, Thackara uncovers the global communities creating a "replacement economy", one that nurtures the earth and its inhabitants rather than jeopardizing its future, from the ground up.

“Sustainability is not something to be engineered, or demanded from politicians; it's a condition that emerges through incremental as well as abrupt change at many different scales.”
- John Thackara,
p. 9
Enough: The Architecture of Degrowth • Maria Smith, Matthew Dalziel, Phineas Harper, Cecilie Sachs Olsen, George Kafka • Oslo Architecture Triennale, Norway • 2019


This project, the 2019 Oslo Architecture Triennale looked at how architecture should respond to a time of climate emergency and social division, promoting institutions that involve sharing resources, imagining alternatives, freedom to play and democratic education.

…by collecting and demonstrating theoretical as well as existing examples of degrowth practice

Grindbakken • ROTOR • Ghent, Belgium • 2012

This project gives a new purpose and highlights the historical use of the disused dockside gravel pits in the Harbour in Ghent. The spaces have been cleaned and painted white on most surfaces for exhibitions, leaving some original accents to reveal the past industrial use.


…by dedicating its work towards the establishment of circular practices with existing materials

BC-AS • BC architects, BC studies • Brüssel, Belgium • since 2012

This project focuses on sourcing and researching local materials as well as sharing this knowledge with interested people from all backgrounds, ages and levels through workshops.

…by dedicating its work towards the understanding and use of locally sourced materials

Fitz, Angelika, Krasny, Elke, Critical C
Critical Care: Architecture and Urbanism for a Broken Planet
Angelika Fitz and Elke Krasny
MIT Press

This book is a collection of essays and case studies focusing on the concept of care in architecture. From the basis in research on projects, Fitz and Krasny examine the means of cause and effect in context of the broken and built environment, providing solutions that contrast those of investment-dominant design.

"Here is a modest claim that I offer to present and future architects: for our broken planet, we now need an architecture of care. [...] We now need an architecture that fulfills the basic tasks of sharing responsibilities for caring for our world, an architecture that is sensitive to the values of repair, of preservation, of maintaining all forms of life and the planet itself."
- Jane C. Tronto
p. 28
Great Mosque of Djenne • Djenne, Mali, • ca. 1300

This project is a Mosque, the structure of which is being updated and constantly rebuilt since centuries by the whole local community during an annual festival.

Papanek, Victor, Design for the Real Wor
Design for the Real World
Victor Papanek
Academy Chicago

This book examines the attempts by designers to combat the tawdry, the unsafe, the frivolous, the useless product, once again providing a blueprint for sensible, responsible design in this world which is deficient in resources and energy.


“A more durable kind of design thinking entails seeing the product (or tool, or transportation device, or building, or city) as a meaningful link between man [read humans] and environment. We must see man, his tools, environment, and ways of thinking and planning, as a nonlinear, simultaneous, integrated, comprehensive whole. This approach is integrated design.”
- Victor Papanek,
p. 293

how can responsibility be encouraged at a social level?